Reduced relative clauses

Vitale identifies three types of relative clauses, "full relatives" which use amba-, "reduced relatives" which use a verbal prefix to indicate realtiveness (e.g. the ye in a-li-ye-mw-ona).

The third type is reduced relative clauses which have a relative marker suffix.

wanafunzi wa-soma-o
students they-study-REL
'students who study'

sentensi zi-fuata-zo
sentences they-follow-REL
'sentences which follow'

Note that these have no tense information.

The words that were labeled with REL-LI for their HCS part of speech are actually the copula version of these reduced relatives.


word gloss part of speech syntax msdextra msd
yaliyoko which is there REL-LI @FMAINVintr-loc LOC-17 SUB-PREF=6-PLSG
uliomo which is therein REL-LI @FMAINVintr-loc LOC-18 SUB-PREF=11-SG
walio who are REL-LI @SUBJ _ SUB-PREF=2-PL
iliyo which is REL-LI @SUBJ _ SUB-PREF=9-SG
iliyopo which is there REL-LI @FMAINVintr-loc LOC-16 SUB-PREF=9-SG
kilichomo which is therein REL-LI @FMAINVintr-loc LOC-18 SUB-PREF=7-SG
yaliyo which is REL-LI @SUBJ _ SUB-PREF=6-PLSG
alipo where he is REL-LI @SUBJ _ SUB-PREF=1-SG 16-LOC
aliyonayo which he/she has REL-LI @SUBJ CC PRON CC-PL 4-PL SUB-PREF=1-SG3
uliye who are REL-LI @SUBJ _ SUB-PREF=SG2
ulio which is REL-LI @SUBJ _ SUB-PREF=3-SG
tulio_nao which we have REL-LI @SUBJ _ _