Swahili Dependency Treebank Creation

This describes my thesis research and related research surrounding the creation of a universal dependencies treebank of Swahili.

Swahili in UD

Non-copyright encumbered corpora

SketchEngine Sandra is contacting the owner of the SketchEngine Swahili data to see if we can ge...

Research questions for thesis

How do Bantu languages, and Swahili in particular, integrate into the Universal Dependencies fra...

Annotation Issues

Annotation decisions

Dealing with non-sentences

This page will feature the decisions we make during the annotation process Non-sentence construc...

Possessive pronouns

Possessive pronouns The UD annotation guidelines state: In some of the datasets, a possessive...

Uninflected "modals"

Lazima and other modal adverbs will be marked as adverbs and connected with an advmod relation to...

Are infinitival verbs, verbs or nouns?

Infinitive verbs should always be treated as verbs, even when they have nominal modifiers The UD...

Copulas?

Inflected copulas will be marked AUX and given a cop arc copulas, will be marked as AUX and have...

Relative pronouns

Relative pronouns In cases where relative pronouns like ambayo are used, they should be assigned...

Multiple agreement?

In cases of multiple agreement, the first verb is connected to the second with a ccomp relation. ...

CCOMP vs XCOMP

The UD documentation states Clausal complements (objects), divided into those with obligatory ...

Juu can be used as a noun?

Madaktari Wasiokuwa na Mipaka waliitisha mkutano wa waandishi wa habari baada ya habari hiyo, lak...

-enye

ukurasa wenye zaidi ya wafuasi 4,5000 (sentence 8521) wenye was labeled as SCONJ but I think...

Reduced relative clauses

Vitale identifies three types of relative clauses, "full relatives" which use amba-, "reduced rel...

kuwa na

"have" is expressed using a copula "kuwa" with a preposition "na" (with). In these cases, the ob...

List of PARTicles

the question particle je

List of fixed expressions

Compound prepositions (Mohammed, 2001) baada ya: after kati ya: between ndani ya: inside of ...

tu

"tu" meaning "only" or "just" should be the dependent of the thing it is modifying. In cases lik...

Auxiliaries

kuwa used to refer to the protracted nature of an action or action at a definite moment in the...

Verbal nouns with auxiliaries

If we have a construction like "kuhusu kilichokuwa kikitokea" (sentence 5202 in the global voices...

Tense?

-ki- M.A. Mohammed reports that ki has several features that it could be assigned as a tense mar...

Verbal interrogatives

Verbs like unawezaje where the -je suffix indicates the verb is an interrogative are expressed by...

Errors made by neural models

Reduplicated words

Any["hivyohivyo", "yuleyule", "shamrashamra", "kwelikweli", "hiyohiyo", "hatihati", "kimyakimya",...

Neural models

za3.txt is test.txt na2.txt is val.txt

Publications to cite

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